The Stereotype Threat
by Daniel Luzer
Why aren’t there very many women in science fields? Despite earning more bachelor’s degrees, and even PhDs, in math and since fields than ever before, women still hold less than a quarter of STEM jobs in the U.S.
Why? It might have something to do with how colleagues treat women who have science jobs. According to research by University of British Columbia psychologist Toni Schmader and Matthias Mehl of the University of Arizona, it might be something called the “Stereotype Threat.” As Doug Barry at Jezebel explains:
Using a device called an Electronically Activated Recorder (EAR) that the Stasi would have been super jealous of, Schmader and Mehl collected daily soundbites (about 5 an hour and 70 a day) of women working in science-related fields. They found that, whereas men seemed more energized when discussing their work, when women talked to their male colleagues about work, they seemed disengaged. When women talked to other female colleagues about work, however, they seemed engaged, and when they talked to men about leisure activities, the anxieties that marred previous work-related conversations vanished. Schmader and Mehl looked for instances of men being overtly hostile or nasty to their female colleagues as a possible explanation for this disconnect, but, finding that all the conversations were perfectly civil, they realized that there was another far more subtle phenomenon causing women who’d endured grueling Ph.D. programs to suddenly cut their science careers short.
This is some pretty subjective research but, well, there it is. Apparently this caused researchers to conclude that,
The stereotype threat made women second guess themselves when they talked to a male colleague because there’s an implicit cultural assumption that men are just naturally more inclined towards the sciences than women. That, coupled with the fact that the sciences are dominated by men threw female scientists off-balance in their work-related conversations with male colleagues.
This is an interesting, and potentially very significant development in how gender operates in the workplace. Some commentators on the Barry piece spoke about experiences in laboratories where head academics would regularly talk about the importance of getting more women involved, and then continue to marginalize the actual women on staff.
Still, it’s best to keep this in perspective. The stereotype threat might be real, but it doesn’t necessarily explain why women leave.