The following is a list of some of the resources that Amy Graham and Nicholas Thompson used in their article Broken Ranks: U.S. News measures everything but what matters most. And most universities don't seem to mind. A list of helpful web sites is included at the bottom.


1. Astin, Alexander W., Assessment for Excellence: The Philosophy and Practice of Assessment and Evaluation in Higher Education, American Council on Education, Oryx Press: 1993.

2. Astin, Alexander W., What Matters in College: Four Critical Years Revisited. San Francisco, Jossey-Bass Publishers, 1993.

3. Banta, Trudy W., Editor. Implementing Outcomes Assessment: Promise and Perils. New Directions for Institutional Research Number 59. San Francisco, Jossey-Bass Publishers, Fall 1988.

4. Bok, Derek. Higher Learning. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 1986.

5. Boyer Commission on Educating Undergraduates, Reinventing Undergraduate Education: A Blueprint for America's Research Universities. 1998

6. Cambridge, Barbara Assessing the Real College Experience, AAHE Bulletin, January 2001

7. Educational Testing Service: Assessing the Outcomes of Higher Education: Proceedings of the 1986 ETS Invitational Conference. Princeton, N.J.: Educational Testing Service, 1986.

8. Gaither, Gerald H., Editor. Assessing Performance in an Age of Accountability: Case Studies. New Directions for Higher Education Number 91, San Francisco, Jossey-Bass Publishers: 1997

9. Gray, Peter J. and Trudy W. Banta, Editors, The Campus Level Impact of Assessment: Progress, Problems, and Possibilities, New Directions in Higher Education, Number 100. San Francisco, Jossey-Bass Publishers: 1997.

10. Jacobi, Maryann, Astin, Alexander W. and Frank Ayala, Jr. College Student Outcomes Assessment: A Talent Development Perspective, ASHE-ERIC Higher Education Report No. 7, Washington, D.C.: Association for the Study of Higher Education, 1987.

11. Kuh, George D. The National Survey of Student Engagement: Conceptual Framework and Overview of Psychometric Properties, Bloomington: Indiana University Center for Postsecondary Research and Planning

12. McCormick, Alexander C. Bringing the Carnegie Classification Into the 21st Century, AAHE Bulletin, January 2000.

13. Monks, James and Ronald G. Ehrenberg, The Impact of U.S. News & World Report College Rankings on Admissions Outcomes and Pricing Policies at Selective Private Institutions. NBER Working Paper 7227, July 1999.

14. O'Brien, George Dennis. All the Essential Half-Truths about Higher Education. Chicago: The University of Chicago Press: 1998. (ISBN 0-26-61654-1)

15. Reisberg, Leo. Are Students Actually Learning? The Chronicle of Higher Education, November 2000

16. Ryan, Katherine E., Editor. Evaluating Teaching in Higher Education: A Vision for the Future. New Directions for Teaching and Learning Number 83. San Francisco, Jossey-Bass Publishers, Fall 2000.

17. Task Force on College Quality. Time for Results: The Governors' 1991 Report on Education. Washington D.C.: National Governors' Association Center for Policy Analysis and Research, 1986.

18. Theall, Michael and Jennifer Frankin, Editors. Effective Practices for Improving Teaching, New Directions for Teaching and Learning, Number 48. San Francisco, Jossey-Bass Publishers, Fall 1988.

19. Weimer, MaryEllen. Faculty as Teachers: Taking Stock of What We Know. National Center on Postsecondary Teaching, Learning, and Assessment, The Pennsylvania State University. 1993


In addition to talking to numerous higher education administrators and college officials, we had extensive conversations with the following people.

1. Lucy Arendt
Coordinator of Assessment and Testing
University of Wisconsin-Green Bay

2. Alexander Astin, Ph.D.
Allan M. Cartter Professor of Education
Director, Higher Education Research Institute
University of California, Los Angeles

3. Nancy Asher,
Director Assessment Center
Truman State University

4. Russ Edgarton
Director, Pew Forum on Undergraduate Learning
Chairman, Nation Survey of Student Engagement National Advisory Board

5. T. Dary Erwin, Ph.D.
Director, Center for Assessment and Research Studies
James Madison University

6. Peter Ewell
Senior Associate
National Center for Higher Education Management Systems
Leader, Design Team for the National Survey of Student Engagement

7. Karen Gentemann, Ph.D.
Director, Institutional Assessment
George Mason University

8. Eden Ionay-Ronnie
University of Wisconsin-Madison

9. George Kuh
Chancellor's Professor and Director
National Survey of Student Engagement
Center for Postsecondary Research and Planning
Indiana University

10. Alexander McCormick
Senior Scholar
The Carnegie Foundation for the Advancement of Teaching

11. Brian Pickerill,
Assistant Director
Center for Academic Assessment at Ball State University

12. Lee Schulman
The Carnegie Foundation for the Advancement of Teaching

13. Kelly Talley
Director, Assessment Center
Alverno College

14. Robert Zemsky, Ph.D.
Institute for Research on Higher Education
University of Pennsylvania

15. Gerhard Casper
President Emeritus
Stanford University

16. Peter Cary
Director of Special Projects
U.S. News and World Report

17. Michelle Seidl
Program Officer
Pew Charitable Trusts

18. Ralph Wolff
Executive Director
Western Association of Schools and Colleges

Selected Web Sites


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