November/December 2011 A Geography Lesson for the Tea Party

Even as the movement’s grip tightens on the GOP, its influence is melting away across vast swaths of America, thanks to centuries-old regional traditions that few of us understand.

By Colin Woodard

The real, historically based regional map of our continent respects neither state nor international boundaries, but it has profoundly influenced our history since the days of Jamestown and Plymouth, and continues to dictate the terms of political debate today. I spent years exploring the founding, expansion, and influence of these regional entities— stateless nations, really—while writing my new book, American Nations: A History of the Eleven Rival Regional Cultures of North America. It demonstrates that our country has never been united, either in purpose, principles, or political behavior. We’ve never been a nation-state in the European sense; we’re a federation of nations, more akin to the European Union than the Republic of France, and this confounds both collective efforts to find common ground and radical campaigns to force one component nation’s values on the others. Once you recognize the real map (see above), you’ll see its shadow everywhere: in linguists’ dialect maps, cultural anthropologist’s maps of the spread of material culture, cultural geographer’s maps of religious regions, and the famous blue county/red county maps of nearly every hotly contested presidential election of the past two centuries. Understanding America’s true component “nations” is essential to comprehending the Tea Party movement, just as it clarifies the events of the American Revolution or the U.S. Civil War.

Our regional divides stem from the fact that the original clusters of North American colonies were settled by people from distinct regions of the British Islands—and from France, the Netherlands, and Spain—each with their own religious, political, and ethnographic characteristics. For generations, these discrete Euro-American cultures developed in remarkable isolation from one another, consolidating their own cherished principles and fundamental values, and expanding across the eastern half of the continent in nearly exclusive settlement bans. Some championed individualism, others utopian social reform. Some believed themselves guided by divine purpose, others championed freedom of conscience and inquiry. Some embraced an Anglo-Protestant identity, others ethnic and religious pluralism. Some valued equality and democratic participation, others deference to a traditional aristocratic order modeled on the slave states of classical antiquity. Throughout the colonial period and the Early Republic, they saw themselves as competitors— for land, settlers, and capital—and even as enemies, taking opposing sides in the English Civil War, the American Revolution, and the War of 1812. Nearly all of these regional cultures would consider leaving the Union in the eighty-year period after Yorktown, and two went to war to do so in the 1860s. Immigration enriched these nations—or, more accurately, the nations that were attractive to immigrants—but it did not fundamentally alter the characteristics of these “dominant” cultures; the children and grandchildren of immigrants didn’t assimilate into an American culture, instead tending to assimilate to the norms of the regional culture in which they found themselves. There’s never been an America, but rather several Americas, and there are eleven today.

Founded on the shores of Massachusetts Bay by radical Calvinists as a new Zion, since the outset Yankeedom has put great emphasis on perfecting earthly society through social engineering, individual self-denial for the common good, and the aggressive assimilation of outsiders. It has prized education, intellectual achievement, community (rather than individual) empowerment, and broad citizen participation in politics and government, the latter seen as the public’s shield against the machinations of grasping aristocrats, corporations, and other tyrannies. From its New England core, it has spread with its settlers across upper New York State, the northern strips of Pennsylvania, Ohio, Illinois, and Iowa, parts of the eastern Dakotas, and on up into the upper Great Lakes states and Canada’s Maritime Provinces.

New Netherland
Established by the Dutch at a time when the Netherlands was the most sophisticated society in the Western world, New Netherland has displayed its salient characteristics throughout its history: a global commercial trading culture— multiethnic, multireligious, and materialistic—with a profound tolerance for diversity and an unflinching commitment to the freedom of inquiry and conscience. Today it comprises Greater New York City, including northern New Jersey, western Long Island, and the lower Hudson Valley. Like seventeenth-century Amsterdam, it emerged as a leading global center of publishing, trade, and finance, a magnet for immigrants, and a refuge for those persecuted by other regional cultures, from Sephardim in the seventeenth century to gays, feminists, and bohemians in the early twentieth. Not particularly democratic or concerned with great moral questions—it sided with the South on slavery prior to the attack on Fort Sumter—it nonetheless has found itself in alliance with Yankeedom in defense of a shared commitment to public-sector institutions and a rejection of evangelical prescriptions for individual behavior.

The Midlands
America’s great swing region was founded by English Quakers, who believed in man’s inherent goodness and welcomed people of many nations and creeds to their utopian colonies on the shores of Delaware Bay. Pluralistic and organized around the middle class, the Midlands spawned the culture of Middle America and the Heartland, where ethnic and ideological purity have never been a priority, government has been seen as an unwelcome intrusion, and political opinion has been moderate, even apathetic. An ethnic mosaic from the start—it had a German rather than British majority at the time of the Revolution—it shares the Yankee belief that society should be organized to benefit ordinary people, but it rejects top-down government intervention. From its cultural hearth in southeastern Pennsylvania, southern New Jersey, and northern Delaware and Maryland, Midland culture spread through central Ohio, Indiana, and Illinois, northern Missouri, most of Iowa, southern Ontario, and the eastern halves of South Dakota, Nebraska, and Kansas, sharing the border cities of Chicago (with Yankeedom) and St. Louis (with Greater Appalachia).

Settled in many cases by the younger sons of southern English gentry, Tidewater was meant to reproduce the semifeudal manorial society of the countryside they’d left behind, where economic, political, and social affairs were run by and for landed aristocrats. These self-identified “Cavaliers” largely succeeded in their aims, turning the lowlands of Virginia, Maryland, southern Delaware, and northeastern North Carolina into a country gentleman’s paradise, with indentured servants and, later, slaves taking the role of the peasantry. Tidewater has always been fundamentally conservative, with a high value placed on respect for authority and tradition, and very little on equality or public participation in politics. The most powerful nation in the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries, today it is a nation in decline, having been boxed out of westward expansion by its boisterous Appalachian neighbors and, more recently, eaten away by the expanding Midlands.

Colin Woodard is State and National Affairs Writer at the Portland Press Herald / Maine Sunday Telegram and author of American Nations: A History of the Eleven Rival Regional Cultures of North America.


  • Xenos on October 17, 2011 8:57 AM:

    Agree that the Democratic party must integrate the Nortenos firmly within it. Right now this seems to be happening by default, as a result of the nastiness of the Republicans on immigration and civil rights issues.

    Not in agreement with going after the Far West. If indeed Mormonism is and will continue to be the dominant cultural trend, the entrenched hierarchy of that religion will continue to work as much like a business as possible. Cultural revanchism will be the primary approach for at least the next generation.

    The key is Texas, and by extension, the rest of the Deep South. When demographics start to tip those states into the tossup category, the GOP and the Tea Party are doomed. As evidence of this, look at Alabama being willing to wreck its agricultural sector for the cause of maintaining white political supremacy.

  • MSHuiner on October 17, 2011 9:11 AM:

    I found this to be a very interesting piece. As a native of south Florida, I must say that I am fascinated by the fact that this was the one section of the entire country that was left off of the map! Does the author not believe that S.FL. has relevence to this discussion? Hard to believe after the election of 2000! Does the evidence from S. FL. contradict something about the author's thesis, and is thus set aside? Or, does the author find S.FL. to be such an amalgamated polyglot of folks originating from the other regions that it simply doesn't address the issues which are the focus of this article? This is not a criticism; I am truly curious about the author's thoughts on southern Florida.

    "In Florida, the farther north you go, the farther south you are!"--Unknown

  • Bernie Latham on October 17, 2011 11:26 AM:

    Your post was linked by Greg Sargent this morning. I just wanted to drop a note and thank you for an extraordinary piece of historical/geographical analysis.

  • Dude on October 17, 2011 12:30 PM:


    The author didn't make that map. Although due to the fact that half of Florida is left out completely, and the fact that the artist included Canada, the editors probably should have sent it back for an alteration or had it redrawn completely.

  • cld on October 17, 2011 12:39 PM:

    South Florida should be called WTF-ville.

    I note two regions called New France. My question is,

    is that region of Canada really as daft as New Orleans?

  • Dude on October 17, 2011 12:56 PM:

    Apparently I should finish reading the article before I comment.

  • joe cree on October 17, 2011 1:11 PM:

    you may have some insight when it comes to american politics, but the mere fact that you blend alberta and manitoba as a unit shows that you have no comprehension of canadian politcs. i really wish americans would refrain from demonstrating their vast ignorance of the world around them in their failed attempts to appear educated.

  • liberalGRIT on October 17, 2011 1:48 PM:

    Seriously, you have North Carolina ALL WRONG. North Carolina should be included with greater Appalachia -- during the period prior to the Civil War, NC was primarily a land of small family farmers, some indentured servants and slaves, but more often than not either small land owners or folks working someone else's land. Very suspicious of government and authority, much like Appalachia. In the Civil War, NC was one of the last of the nearby states to secede. During Reconstruction, the influx of Northern folks swelled, yet they did not leave at Reconstruction's end; throughout the first half of the twentieth century, NC adopted industry but remained a state of small groups that tended to resist change and authority. There were many significant civil rights violations and victories here, which does seem to group us with the deep south. However, the building influx of folks from elsewhere, particularly the mid-Atlantic and Northern regions of the country, has rebalanced the regional flavor to a more modernized version of Appalachia. I would argue that most of Virginia, these days, would not make sense in the Tidewater grouping either; NC and Virginia, as well as Maryland, share many characteristics.

  • Rick B on October 17, 2011 1:56 PM:

    I have found these cultural regions informative, since I grew up in south East Texas (deep South) but belong to a family which is Midwest and norteneo-anglo in culture. North of my deep South roots are the Appalachians (north part of East Texas) who always seemed very strange to me. Rep. Louie Gohmert is an example.

    But the split that seems to me the most important politically in Texas is the distinction between the rural (agricultural-dominated) and the urban populations. The rural white population has dominated Texas politically since the end of Reconstruction, but the total population of the big cities have very recently passed the rural population. Much of recent Texas politics has been the dominant rural politicians (with their wealthy backers) digging in and gerrymandering themselves into position even as the population leaves them behind. The takeover of the Texas Republican Party by the social conservatives in the late 80's and early 90's was part of this process.

    By your map above Texas has Deep South, Appalachian and Norteneo cultures which concurs with my over 60 years experience in this state. But the two big immigrations have been from Mexico and (more important) from Midwestern and eastern big cities. Unfortunately the latter group has been largely Republican and they moved to the suburbs. The big cities in Texas all voted for Obama in 2008, the rural areas voted social Republican and the suburbs are beginning to be tossups as they become more big city in culture.

    My conclusion is that your cultural analysis of the US is interesting, but it is long term politically and not especially predictive. I think that the real political battle in America will continue to be the rural-urban split with the urban voters tending to be less likely to vote but greater in population. This cultural description of America will apply more to the rural voters than to the urban ones, but the urban voters are going to ultimately (re)gain control of the federal government.

    The story here of the politics in Maine simply shows that even the northeastern rural voters are more urban in attitude and culture than they are rural in culture. That's probably true of the Midwest, also.

    Strictly my opinion, of course, and thanks for a very interesting discussion of America's historical cultures and their influences. As a native Texan I am always interested in the stories from the 49 colonies of Texas. ;-}

  • Paul Gottlieb on October 17, 2011 5:02 PM:

    I hate to be one of those academics who says "this has all been done before," but in essence it has. See the work of Daniel Elazar, described here: http://academic.regis.edu/jriley/421elazar.htm

    The key categories of political culture are "moral,"
    which actually means progressive (think abolitionists) as in Massachusetts and Minnesota. "Individualistic" is pro-business, as in New York, New Jersey, and Ohio. "Traditional" is the deep south. Everything else is a blend of these three. Elazar classified all 50 states.

    --from the heart of New Netherlands; I see a Dutch Reformed church every time I turn a corner in NJ

  • Bill Kurtz on October 17, 2011 5:05 PM:

    This is fascinating. For a book-length view of the same sort, but going far beyond politics, track down "Nine Nations of North America," a 1980s book by Joel Garreau. His book, by the way, answers MS Hulner's point- he groups South Florida with the Caribbean islands.

  • Left Coaster on October 17, 2011 5:28 PM:

    You mean North Cuba?

  • Varecia on October 17, 2011 6:08 PM:

    People should be careful to note that El Norte is not monolithic, and that those in the far northern part identify most with their ancestry from Spain, although the truth is that most people here derive from a mixture of ancestry, ranging from Spanish, to Mexican, to Native American and other European countries, such as France and Germany. Views about immigration vary with how strongly populations emphasize their Mexican ancestry over their European (Spanish) ancestry.

  • fashion lo on October 17, 2011 7:58 PM:

    Hello, everybody, the good shoping place, the new season approaching, click in.
    Welcome to http://www.proxy4biz.com
    Air Jordan (1-24) shoes $35
    UGG BOOT $50
    Nike shox (R4, NZ, OZ, TL1, TL2, TL3) $35
    Handbags ( Coach Lv fendi D&G) $35
    T-shirts (polo, ed hardy, lacoste) $16
    Jean (True Religion, ed hardy, coogi)$34
    Sunglasses ( Oakey, coach, Gucci, Armaini)$15
    New era cap $16
    Bikini (Ed hardy, polo) $18

  • Packeryman on October 17, 2011 8:02 PM:

    The federal government must take over the redistricting plan of Texas. The far right religious fanatics and tea bagging lunatics have taken over Texas government and are redistricting without regard to minority population. Their plan was to weaken minority vote in all districts, making Republicans strong through illegal gerrymandering. The state will never do what is right with Republicans in charge of both houses. We plead for the case that is in the courts now to remove the right of the state to redistrict since they have proved they are out to destroy the minority vote and the Democrats.We got four new Representatives due to increase of Latino population and the Republicans right wing nuts are trying to dilute the minority vote. This is wrong but typical of bible thumping religious fanatics and tea bagging lunatics.

  • D Lawrence on October 17, 2011 9:46 PM:

    I read a book along these lines a couple of decades ago: "The Nine Nations of North America" by Joel Garreau.

  • Jarret Ruminski on October 17, 2011 9:53 PM:

    This article and its entire premise is utter and complete crap. This is the kind of completely arbitrary, ethnocentric, geographic determinist approach to history that peaked in the early eighties and now refuses to die. This guy should not have a job.

  • CKGeist on October 18, 2011 2:34 AM:

    I find the article pretty interesting, although i do find that it draws alot from "Nine Nations" to me it is an updated and condensed version of that work. But I also find one of the earlier posters comments about NC and Tidewater especially true. For this being an update it has totally missed a major demographic change. I would posit that Tidewater and New Netherlands no longer exist separately and the coastal portion of Midland is also gone. I would call teh conglomeration of those :nations: bad word choice (i think he was trying to refer to nations in teh gypsy, native american, jewish(read tribal) sense) as "the beltway" which extends pretty mcuh from the Walt Whitman Bridge to Charleston and Hilton Head.

    As for the "rubbish" comment, I would say this person has not traveled or lived in many of these areas, because in many cases you can actualy see the differences in a matter of crossing a river (ST. Lous, Delaware, the Shulykill).

  • CL on October 18, 2011 5:10 AM:

    Does this article owe a debt to "Albion's Seed" by David Hackett Fisher?

  • Jo on October 18, 2011 8:02 AM:

    Getting back to the tea party: While a historical analysis of the settlement and political leanings of various regions of our country is interesting, I find its connection to the tea party to be marginal, at best. For what is the tea party? Is it a reaction to an overbearing, overspending, unconstitutional government? Or is it, as the mainstream "Jumping someone else's train" thought line goes, some conservative people wanting to slash programs, and disenfranchise the poor? I think that a majority of Americans throughout the country identify with the ideas behind the original tea party, while simultaneously rejecting what the tea party has been hijacked to be by the likes of Sarah Palin and others, including the mainstream press.

  • Andrea on October 18, 2011 8:06 AM:

    Having a copy of the book at my hand, I would urge some of you to actually read it, as it goes much more thoroughly into the dynamics of each region. The author feels the Tidewater region may eventually disappear and explains why there is overlap into Mexico and Canada. The map accurately represents Mr. Woodard's theories.

  • Marv Gomez on October 19, 2011 2:37 PM:

    South Florida is just too new of a settled region to apply to this study of historic regional traditions. There simply is no dominant regional tradition/collective ethic existing there yet.

  • glendenb on October 19, 2011 7:07 PM:

    The patterns make sense to me. If you look at the archipelago of excellent, small liberal arts colleges scattered across the midwest, you see the influence of the Yankee values. In the Far West you have vast empty spaces punctuated by urban hubs (Denver, SLC, Phoenix, Las Vegas, Boise); you have colonial economies based on extraction of mineral wealth and tourism, but minimal production. The natural alliance between the Left Coast and Yankeedom makes sense. Having lived in Tidewater and visited Greater Appalachia there are distinct cultures there, having spent time in the Deep South there is another cultural pattern, the cities and towns feel different (Atlanta, sprawling, disorganized, unplanned, is Deep South versus Asheville NC which is only three hours drive away but a world away culturally). Sante Fe and Albuquerque are culturally distinct from Phoenix - New Mexico's politics are different than AZ or UT.

    I was reminded strongly of the analysis of David Hacket Fischer in Albion's Seed, as as another commenter.

    The question I'm still sorting out - is the connection to the teabaggers correct?

  • Omar on October 23, 2011 12:40 PM:

    Maybe you will want to add a twitter icon to your website. Just marked down this site, however I had to do it manually. Simply my advice.

    My blog:
    rachat credit ou rachat credit

  • Surazeus Simon Seamount on October 24, 2011 10:37 AM:

    Most of my ancestors came from the Puritan immigration in 1630, with some from the Tidewater and Appalachian groups, so this article helps give me better perspective on my assumptions, and how I may broaden my perspective.

  • LT COL ORSON SWINDLE, RETIRED on October 28, 2011 10:10 AM:

    I'm torn. On one hand, some of what you wrote is accurate and interesting. On the other hand, some of what you wrote is ignorant yankee provincialism.

    Long story short, you know very little about America below the Mason-Dixon Line, particularly NC, SC, GA, and FL, and need to do further research before writing any more about it.

  • Mark Crowley on October 31, 2011 2:42 AM:

    You statement the entire North you list if dominated by Inuit is highly oversimplified and your statement about Greenland when makes no sense at all. Greenland isn't part of Canada at all, you probably mean Nunavut, but frankly this makes me doubt your entire analysis. Also, tying Southern Ontario in with the puritan American midwest when it was run directly by Britian for a century after US independence is very odd. There are some puritan enclaves in Southern Ontario but you cannot include the core of Upper Canada (Ottawa, Kingston, Toronto/York) within that broad brushstroke. As for New France, I would hope you are aware that the French population that was resettled to New Orleans is largely distinct from Quebec itself, they came from the Acadian population in New Brunswick and Nova Scotia. They were evicted from their land by the British.

    It's a nice idea to come up with a map like this, and perhaps this is a good, rough first draft, but it's definitely not accurate as it is.

  • Bob Dehler on November 03, 2011 8:48 PM:

    I think your analysis is correct.
    When I read ALBIONS SEED many observations I made while in the Navy and college came together with what I knew of history and politics.
    Your further elucidation orf cultural/ historical differences helps explain much of what we are seeing, and what we may see in the future.
    Bob Dehler
    Scarborough, Maine

  • Steve Kettmann on November 06, 2011 7:42 AM:

  • Just a suggestion on November 11, 2011 3:58 AM:

    Perhaps all the Democrats can move to half the states, and the Republicans to the other. Then both can adopt their system of government, and see which one lasts. Just for an experiment. To think, you won't have to vote anymore!

  • Colin Woodard on November 11, 2011 1:53 PM:

    Thanks to all of you for your comments and your interest in the thesis. I'd point everyone to my book, American Nations, to fully appreciate the thesis, its implications, and the degree to which I do or do not understand a given part of the continent and its history.

    First of all, there seems to be some confusion about where my "national" boundaries really lie. There's a detailed county-by-county map in the book, which should clear things up. (The cover art image -- posted with this article -- takes some artistic license.)

    @Mark Crowley: I don't lump all of Manitoba in with Alberta and Sask. In fact, most of the population of Manitoba is located in the Midlands section in its southeast corner. Nor did I ever say Greenland was in Canada. (I've been there and know well where it is.) It's part of both First Nation and North America. Also New France is not just [the French-settled part of] Quebec, but also comprises the portions of Acadia where the British cleansing campaign was not successful. Acadia and Quebec share a founding ethos handed down by Champlain.

    Tidewater is explicitly identified in the book as a nation in decline, as several posters have observed. New Netherland certainly is not. Also, North Carolina is not all categorized as being in Tidewater -- most of it is in Greater Appalachia. (If you think eastern NC communities like Edenton, Bath, New Bern, and Elizabeth City aren't in Tidewater, you've clearly never visited; for more on this region's history, please consider a look at my previous book, The Republic of Pirates.)

    Several of you asked about South Florida. As the book makes clear, I had to draw a line somewhere, and my criteria was to only include regional cultures whose respective cores lay in what is now the U.S. and Canada. This excluded South Florida (part of a Spanish Caribbean "nation" probably based in the old imperial port of Havana), Hawaii (still part of Greater Polynesia, despite Yankee missionary activity in the 19th century), Newfoundland (either a lost Anglo-Irish colony or perhaps a nation of its own), and central and southern Mexico.

    The book's introduction also acknowledges Joel Garreau's Nine Nations of North America, the works of David Hackett Fischer, and Kevin Phillips' "Emerging Republican Majority" (which I'm surprised none of you raised. In the end notes you'll find not only Elazar, but Wilbur Zelinsky, Henry Glassie, Paul Kleppner, Raymond Gastil, and dozens of other academics whose work helped inform the aforementioned works and, indeed, my own.

  • RVA_Exile on November 13, 2011 5:20 PM:

    Interesting theory, but similar to some commenters, I am tempted to poke a lot of holes in it.

    The borders of Tidewater are only ok - they should go at least west to Roanoke and the Shenendoah Valley, and I would trade more of Maryland for less of North Carolina. I am curious to see in what respects you consider it a nation "in decline." Perhaps as its own distinct region as it gets folded into the greater Northeast Corridor Megalopolis, but this region is not present in your analysis. You fail to mention that Tidewater is both the political (Washington) and military (Hampton Roads) capital of the US; economically, demographically and politically it hardly seems in decline. Given the strong government influence, you will be hard-pressed to find an active tea party in Tidewater. Even with Virginia's 8-3 Republican delegation to the House, there is not a single member of the Tea Party caucus. In national electoral politics, Tidewater seems to be moving away from the Deep South as Greater Appalachia is joining the Deep South.

  • Templar on November 14, 2011 1:57 PM:

    I think David Hackett Fischer did it first and did it best with he "Albion's Seed" about the 4 major British folkways that settled the United States. Over time, large groups of non-British immigrants have gradually adopted the cultural traditions of one of those 4 British folkgroups.

  • Xavier de Brownie chocolat on November 19, 2011 9:31 AM:

    I love reading your website for the reason that you can always bring us fresh and awesome things, I feel that I should at least say a thank you for your hard work.

    - Jack brownie chocolat

  • reddys on December 13, 2011 11:42 PM:

    I have heard i leave in France that Tea party is extremist , i am little afraid about that ..
    What is it really ?

    my blog: Rachat de credits

  • Julien on December 15, 2011 5:56 AM:

    In my country, tea party is not realy used. It's not realy in our cultures. It's probably like 1 or less percent of people.

    My website : Viping

  • Eric on December 24, 2011 9:32 PM:

    Interesting summary. I will get the book to see more. One observation I would add is that Appalachia culture extends north into southwest New York state.

  • Marc de Wizygo on January 06, 2012 3:31 AM:


    Quite the same for me, living in France and questioning about the Tea party... Anyway, it sounds to be afraying.

    My website: Wizygo

  • Anonymous on January 09, 2012 5:26 AM:

    I think they are on their way down, as your article suggests. I hope that this continues, we don't want them blurring that space any longer...

    My site : Comment pecher

  • accept paypal free shipping on January 10, 2012 10:04 PM:


    Share a website with you ,


    Believe you will love it.

    accept paypal free shipping

  • jean on January 22, 2012 11:05 AM:

    5 minutes to read this article but it'a not a problem because it's reallyinteresting! thanks!

    my blog:
    agence referencement

  • stephy on January 29, 2012 4:36 PM:

    C'est bon d'etre ironic pensez a vos finances en prenant un bon rachat de credit http://www.123finances.eu

  • Allan on February 24, 2012 7:24 PM:

    I covered something similar to this on my blog http://www.vividconsulting.ca, however, it was not nearly as in depth as this.

  • Nouvodepart on March 06, 2012 5:28 AM:

    Je penses qu'un bon rachat de credit peu permetre au personnes surendetté de retrouver un equilibre financier dans leur vie. http://www.nouvodepart.com permet ce regroupement de credit.

  • Michael on March 08, 2012 12:25 AM:

    Can't believe the naysayers...your book is brilliant. and your analysis correct. Of COURSE you read Fischer, Garreau, et al, but as we say in the South, you got your own thang. Right on, brother!the gsbe8

  • Dude on March 16, 2012 4:22 PM:

    5 minutes to read this article but it'a not a problem because it's reallyinteresting! thanks for that
    plugins wordpress

  • Valentin on March 17, 2012 4:26 AM:

    Vous avez de bons points il, c’est pourquoi j’aime toujours verifier votre blog et de voir vos plugins wordpress

  • Malik on April 05, 2012 10:11 AM:

    no it's a joke ?!

    Please read more on credit immobilier on our blog.

  • Jeremy on April 12, 2012 9:50 AM:

    I wonder what is going to happen now that Santorin has dropped out of the race?

    My site could be useful to you : http://www.letourdespromos.com

  • Fadi on April 14, 2012 11:47 PM:

    Maybe you will want to add a twitter icon to your website. Just marked down this site, however I had to do it manually. Simply my advice.

    My blog:
    rachat credit ou rachat de credit

  • Arnaud on April 14, 2012 11:50 PM:

    Je penses qu'un bon rachat de credit peu permetre au personnes surendetté de retrouver un equilibre financier dans leur vie. pret personnel et rachat de credit permet ce regroupement de credit.

  • christine on April 14, 2012 11:53 PM:

    I think they are on their way down, as your article suggests. I hope that this continues, we don't want them blurring that space any longer...

    Je penses qu'un bon rachat de credit peu permetre au personnes surendetté de retrouver un equilibre financier dans leur vie. Vous pouvez proceder a une simulation pret immobilier sur mon site pret a taux zero permet ce regroupement de credit.

    Thank you

  • philippe on April 14, 2012 11:55 PM:

    C'est bon d'etre ironic pensez a vos finances en prenant un bon rachat de credit auto et pret auto.

  • aurelien on April 15, 2012 12:04 AM:

    please visit mon blog concernant pret immobilier et sur : pret immobilier. Merci aussi de visiter mon site: simulation pret immobilier

  • Prêt hypothécaire refuse on April 20, 2012 12:19 PM:

    Mortgage with no down payment:

    If you qualify, you could buy your home without providing a single down payment! You dream of owning your own home, but you're no down payment, you wish to finance 100% of your mortgage?
    Check Now!

  • chris on May 05, 2012 1:32 AM:

    the fact that this was the one section of the entire country that was left off of the map! cheap scarvesDoes the author not believe

  • Francois on May 20, 2012 6:31 PM:

    i really wish americans would refrain from demonstrating their vast ignorance of the world around them in their failed attempts to appear educated.
    My website: www.travailadomicile.com

  • Johny on July 19, 2012 7:19 AM:

    Si vous etes interesse par un complement de revenu, je vous conseille ce site sur le travail a domicile.

  • LOOBACK on September 01, 2012 10:13 AM:

    A short haircut is almost always a great option for a man. A short cut is masculine, cool in warm weather, and generally easy to maintain.LOOBACK

  • forexbroker on September 04, 2012 11:57 PM:

    closely than ever, allowing her only the nurse to wait on her, A round old-fashioned mirror hung over it, with a gilt eagle a-top, forth at the call to dawn prayer and thou returnest not till

  • forex broker on September 06, 2012 12:59 PM:

    Next, but the next with many a length between, endure the consequences of his folly, his son should not suffer from I became acquainted with some of his weak points, and endeavoured to

  • travail a domicile on September 18, 2012 10:31 AM:

    Je vous propose de decouvrir un vrai travail a domicile