Ten Miles Square


January 10, 2013 10:54 AM A Drone War Is Still a War

By Michael Kinsley

The most famous painting of the 20th century, Pablo Picasso’s “Guernica,” commemorates the bombing of the small Spanish town on April 26, 1937, by the German air force, in support of General Francisco Franco’s fascists in the Spanish Civil War. Hard to believe, but this was history’s first extensive bombing of a civilian population.

In his book “Postwar,” the late historian Tony Judt pointed out that more civilians died in World War II, of various causes, than did soldiers. That was not true of World War I or most earlier conflicts.

Guernica was a German dress rehearsal for the London blitz, the destruction of Warsaw, and so on. Soon to come on the Allies’ side were the destruction of Dresden, the firebombing of Tokyo and, of course, the nuclear attacks on Hiroshima and Nagasaki. Today when we think of war, bombing from the sky is one of the first images that come to mind.

One consequence of this and other developments in warfare has been a blurring of the distinction between soldiers and noncombatants. Wars used to be conducted on battlefields, between soldiers in uniforms lined up in rows, bayonets ready. People famously took picnic baskets to watch the first battle of Manassas, thinking that the U.S. Civil War would be like that. It wasn’t.

Unmanned, Unnoticed

The War on Terrorism’s contribution to this unfortunate history has been the drone: an unmanned plane that can aim at and hit a target with enormous precision. And, as with earlier developments, we’re getting used to it. The eye passes right over headlines such as “Yemen: Drone Strike Kills 2” buried inside the newspaper. Right now, we have more or less a monopoly on drones, which won’t last any longer than our monopoly on nukes did.

The advantages of using drones are obvious. No American lives are put at risk, and the precision minimizes collateral damage, including the deaths of innocents who happen to be nearby.

The disadvantages follow from advantages. When a military option seems less painful, it is more likely to be resorted to. The ability to strike at the enemy with absolutely zero risk to your own people must be especially appealing to politicians such as President Barack Obama, for whom the decision to put Americans in harm’s way is surely the toughest one to make.

But drones also highlight a terrible anomaly of civil- libertarian societies: the contrast between how we treat killing — state-sponsored killing — in battle, and how we treat killing in civilian life. There are no Miranda warnings in the trenches. In fact, the entire edifice of protections against convicting the innocent is irrelevant in battle. You kill the other guy because he’s trying to kill you, and unless you’re raping women or slaying babies, you’re going to get a medal, not criticism. Collateral damage — including the deaths of complete innocents — comes with the territory.

Once upon a time, these two spheres were separate, with one set of rules — if that — for the battlefield, and one for normal times and places. Now every place is the battlefield. The World Trade Center, for example.

Why is it not only OK but praiseworthy for the U.S. government to aim at Anwar al-Awlaki and kill him because he is an al-Qaeda “operative” who may not actually have killed anyone directly (though no doubt he would have liked to), while Adam Lanza, who shot and killed 20 schoolchildren and seven adults, including his mother, before killing himself, could have had a trial that lasted weeks and cost millions of taxpayer dollars?

What about the other person riding in Awlaki’s car who was killed with him? What about Awlaki’s 16-year-old son, who died in a drone attack two weeks later? Awlaki was a U.S. citizen and his child was born in Colorado, if that makes any difference.

Legal, Secret

The Obama administration’s position is that it has looked at this carefully, and there’s no legal problem with drone assassinations for reasons that regrettably must remain secret. U.S. District Judge Colleen McMahon’s wonderfully acerbic decision, issued last week, reluctantly acknowledges the administration’s right to maintain this absurd position.

A “thicket of laws and precedents,” she wrote, “effectively allow the Executive Branch of our Government to proclaim as perfectly lawful certain actions that seem on their face incompatible with our Constitution and laws, while keeping the reasons for their conclusions a secret.”

As is so often the case, Stalin may have said it best (if, indeed, he really said it): “One death is a tragedy, a million deaths is a statistic.” The deaths of Awlaki and Lanza may not be tragedies, but the differences in how we think about them deserve better than a “because we said so” — especially from a liberal Democratic administration led by a former president of the Harvard Law Review.

I wonder especially about the teenage son killed in a separate drone attack, and the two killed just before New Year’s Eve because, according to Reuters, they were “suspected of being insurgents linked to al-Qaeda.” Is that good enough for you?

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  • liam foote on January 11, 2013 8:29 AM:

    As a retired USG officer who dealt with political asylum and counter-terrorism for decades, I suggest review of the New America Foundation website for “The Year of the Drone“ which provides details on most strikes in Pakistan, 2004-2011. The report provides not only the number, but the particular terrorist groups targeted and resulting number of leaders and militants from al-Qaeda and other organizations killed, identifying many by name and the date of confirmed strikes.

    During this period the rate of civilian casualties had dropped rom 20% in 2004 to approximately 5% in 2011. More recent articles indicate that there have been virtually no civilian casualties in 2012. I suspect that a majority of targets are identified by US intelligence via paid informants. There may well be a handful of US special forces available for confirmation in some cases, supplemented by drone and satellite live feeds. How else would we be aware of specific names and dates?

    I have no way of knowing, of course, but I assume that the Obama administration has established procedure that is rigorously enforced to assure several steps are taken to assure accurate ID and confirmation by x number of sources, then a review of the strike site to ensure that the attack is initiated during a period when the target is unlikely to be accompanied by noncombatants. As this and other articles note, these missiles are accurate to within one meter.

    If there were any civilian casualties, let alone substantial deaths, you can be certain that there would be cell phone photos and videos over the internet within minutes. No, we should not send in troops on the ground instead … no, we should not ask journalists to risk their lives to confirm reports (days or weeks later) at great risk … no, we should not fret about the cost of Hellfire missiles or a drone which malfunctions or is shot down every couple of years. Let it be …